Format techniques [_:_] /> -+-

Cut, crop, frame, enlarge, reduce, repeat, fuse, merge, group, separate, isolate, divide, fragment, juxtapose, align, shift, overlap, construct, deconstruct, add, subtract, exaggerate, neutralize, distort, co-ordinate. Graphic Design Projects, #7  

The focal point:

The dominant point or area in any visual or pictorial field wherever the eye is directed or impelled to look. A compositional device emphasizing a certain area or object to draw attention to the piece and to encourage closer scrutiny of the work. Graphic Design Projects, #6